I was wondering this: suppose you have two oxygen atoms. They will both have 8 protons and 8 neutrons in the nucleus (at least if they are the most common isotope). Now, will all those particles be arranged in the same way in both atoms? If they are, why would that be, and if not, does that affect the element's properties in any way?
But then I also thought that maybe the uncertainty principle doesn't let us even ask this question. Maybe you can't tell the particles' positions so accurately, so all you can say is that you have 8 protons and 8 neutrons all together in a small space.
So, which one is it? Can we even tell where all the particles are, and if we can, does it matter exactly how they are arranged?