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I would want to know what the differences between these two techniques in cristalography. I research on internet, but it is not clear to me what each one does.

  • When it's better to use one and not the other?
  • What things that only one of them can give me and why?
  • In energy or security matter, there is some advantage using one or other?

Thanks in advance.

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2 Answers 2

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electron_crystallography gives a pretty good comparison of the two. Basically electrons are much more strongly interacting than X-rays, so they are restricted to very small samples. In a previous life I used electron diffraction on mixtures of sub-micron crystals to identify what was present in the mixture. This would have been very difficult to do with X-rays.

However in the electron diffraction (at least the measurements I did) one measurement gives you only one plane so using it to do a full structure would be painfully slow. With X-rays diffraction you get scattering from all the planes in one measurement.

Admittedly my experience is many years out of date, but my recollection was that the techniques are complementary. You'd use X-rays for your routine structure determinations and electron diffraction for special cases.

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In electron diffraction method ;the electron are first accelerated to the electrostatic potential to gain the enengy before enter on the sample to give the better diffraction patteren but in case of x-rays diffraction method the diffraction pattern is observed by Bragg's method so due to this reason the electron diffraction method give better diffraction pattern than x ray .

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About this ans.give comment on my account –  prince Oct 22 '13 at 12:11

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