Why space expansion affects matter?
Imagine two tiny spacecrafts that are moving with the Hubble flow and so are moving away from each other. Let's assume that they've been that way since the very early universe, never firing their engines, just drifting along their Hubble flow geodesics in a homogenous isotropic universe.
They then momentarily fire their engines so that they "cancel" the Hubble flow and have a fixed proper separation. Will they now start drifting apart again (presumably due to expansion)? Or will they stay at fixed proper separation, and maybe very slowly move towards each other due to their mutual gravitational attraction?
I guess this is another way of asking whether expansion is kinematic and hence can be forgotten (so that "Brooklyn isn't expanding" because gravitational collapse and structure formation have erased memory of the expansion). Or maybe someone will help me refine this question and make me realize I just haven't thought things through completely?