A positron is odd under charge conjugation and parity reversal but nevertheless even with respect to time reversal. Is a theoretical positron which would be odd under all three symmetries (C, P, T) physical?
So if one uses the word "odd" in the proper physics sense, there doesn't exist any particle that is odd under P, and probably C, because these two operators square to minus one. Even if they or some of their products squared to plus one, the eigenstates of the operation would be a strange combination of the positron state and the electron state. We don't usually like to combine states with different electric charges because they belong to different superselection sectors: they can't possibly evolve from the other one so without a loss of generality, one may assume that the initial state is an element of one superselection sector, and it is guaranteed that no mixture of another superselection sector will ever be added by the evolution.
What your question may have actually wanted to ask was whether the actual states obtained by C,P,T,CP, and CPT transformations exist. For electrons and positrons, they always do. However, for neutrinos, the C-transformed and P-transformed states don't exist at all. That's because neutrinos are left-handed, antineutrinos are right-handed, but there are no right-handed neutrinos and left-handed antineutrinos which is what you would get from the first two by C (or P). The transformation of a state by T always exists - because the transformation by CP exists as well and CPT is a symmetry (whose transforms therefore exist as well). T only changes the velocities of particles - not the positions or charges (or other internal characteristics) of the particles.
And if this is what you asked: The CPT transformation of a positron at $(x,y,z)$ moving in the direction $(v_x,v_y,v_z)$ is an electron at $(-x,-y,-z)$ moving in the direction $(v_x,v_y,v_z)$. Note that the signs of the velocities didn't change. Under CP, they would change the sign, but T changed the sign again. So if the positron is moving towards the origin, the CPT-transformed particle, the electron, will be moving away from the origin.
Best wishes Lubos
T reversal simply reverses momenta. So as long as you can fire antiparticles in any direction you want, applying a T operation is trivial.
Applying CP turns your left-handed particle into a right-handed antiparticle. Applying T to it then flips its momentum.
What the CPT theorem tells you then is that the physics of any process involving particles and antiparticles of particular handedness is identical to the physics of the process in reverse with particles swapped for their antiparticles and all handedness reversed.
For example, the probability that an electron neutrino will oscillate into a tau neutrino after a certain distance (See Neutrino Oscillations) is equal to the probability that a tau antineutrino will oscillate into an electron antineutrino within the same distance. (Where the handedness of each has been reversed)
Thank you all for your answers. I apologize if the question was a bit unclear. "No matter, never mind" if you misunderstood my original question which was “Real” antimatter i.e. -c -p -t , is it unphysical? A positron is -c -p but nevertheless +t. Is a theoretical -c -p -t positron physical?
Dear Lubos Motl,
I was visualizing the end result geometrically (without mathematics) in 3D like you simply and clearly and with enough details show using mathematics which I do not however master: An electron moving forwards in time in the form of a rightwards expanding logarithmic spiral and a leftwards expanding logarithmic positron coming from the exactly opposite position and moving backwards in time. From one observer's point of view (at x,y,z) both particles expand/rotate to the right from the observer's at (−x,−y,−z) point of view they both rotate to the left. (I would like to add that if this visualization is correct than I have myself understood it!). Is it correct that a particle moving on a Moebius band surface undergoes these three transformations when it has moved one time around and restoring to the same particle when moving two times around as one sometimes can see in popular notes? My original question was colored by the known fact that we do not detect the same amount of antimatter as matter in nature. It has to do with an asymmetry of "histories in the whole spacetime"?
Many thanks for taking the time to answer!
Actually, what you're describing - the transformation $(-c, -p, -t)$ - gives you exactly the same particle! (Not the antiparticle, not a "real" antiparticle - whatever that is...). In other words, a "time-reversed" positron is precisely an electron (and vice-versa).
CPT symmetry by definition implies that the transformation $(-c, -p, -t)$ is the identity transformation.
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