This may look like a philosophical question, but I'm looking for physical explanations (if there's any), that's is why I'm asking it here.
What is the ability of thinking? We are all creatures consist of flesh and bones. Our brains are also nothing but flesh and water? Why are we thinking? What happens to this thinking power when we die? How and why does it disappear? Does it really disappear, or go to somewhere else in a sense we don't know and understand yet?
We observe that, different creatures have different capabilities of thinking. The creature which has the most advanced thinking ability is human. Besides human cats can think up to some degree; they know how to hunt, they decide where to hide and where to find food from. Ants think too, even if it is weaker then cats can do; they find food and quickly run away when you try to pick one of them from floor with your hand, because they sense danger and decide to escape from there. Cells can also think in some sense, but it is much less capable that we don't even call it "thinking". Most living creature sense themselves as separate being.
What happens if we stop the time, we compile and exact verbatim copy of a normal human being, then start the flow of time once again? Would the second copy think too as the original one? Or would the second copy start his life in vegetative state? Or would it just be a stack of dead flesh?
How does physics explain this? Is there any particle that causes us to think? One century ago, we didn't even dream that this many sub atomic particles existed. Can the ability of thinking be a cause of some unknown physical particle of a flow of vector field (like electromagnetic field) which hasn't been discovered yet? Do you expect that in the future some scientist(s) would discover this mystery? Is there any research going on this? What do we know about "thinking" today?
(Note: There wasn't appropriate tags for my question. I would appreciate if another user with higher reputation could add some tags for this question and remove this note.)