If an object is acted on by equal and opposite forces then it will be in equilibrium, and it's acceleration or velocity (and so direction as well) will not be changed.
So when a ball bounces, it exerts a force on the floor, which matches the magnitude of the force in the opposite direction (the ball is bouncing perfectly vertical), up. So how is it's velocity/direction changed? If the forces are equal and opposite to each other. In order for it bounce, surely the force acting from the floor to the ball must be greater than the force acting from the ball to the floor?