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i know that the claim is that nucleosynthesis models say that the observed abundance of deuterium is too high for dark matter to be baryonic, but couldn't deuterium be a waste product of civilizations? you say that postulating civilizations is not the simplest explanation, but isn't it far more complex to postulate that we are unique (or an invisible form of matter with exotic physics for which we have no evidence)? even from a single seed civilization, galactic colonization times are in the hundred million year range, so we should expect some evidence of environmental manipulation everywhere we look. given the need for civilizations to hide from predators, isn't eliminating EM interactions/emissions the best strategy?

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Is this really about physics? I can see why it's a valid question, and I can see there's physics behind it, but is the question itself about physics? – Malabarba Jan 14 '11 at 14:24
@Bruce: agree. The question is half (or more)-way leaning towards sci-fi. – Marek Jan 14 '11 at 14:28

4 Answers 4

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Physically, if you look at the low level of CMB anisotropy and the BAO power spectrum, you need some sort of mass that interacts gravitationally but is decoupled from the photons before recombination (i.e. - dark matter). Otherwise there would be no way to seed the galaxy formation that we see occuring at lower redshifts. That is to say, dark matter needs to be primordial, so that it can dodge Silk Damping and provide the graviational "cores" around which galaxies form.

Which would also imply that dark matter cannot be the construct of an alien civilization.

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"The question is half (or more)-way leaning towards sci-fi" at least physics can explain it! – Kevin Kostlan Nov 15 '13 at 19:38
Also, the dyson spheres would have to radiate at a T>cmb in order to expel waste heat. – Kevin Kostlan Nov 15 '13 at 19:39

I might be talking non sense, but I'll try arguing with your logic. (Is there any physics to be answered in there?)

You're doing a lot more than just postulating civilization.

  1. You're postulating they are on every single galaxy where dark matter effects have been found. (I'm no astrophysicist, but I believe dark matter effects have been verified on every single galaxy where we've looked.)
  2. You're postulating they reached a stage of galactic colonization, (again) on every single one of these cases. Note that if this stage really is on the range of 100 million years (which seems to be pure speculation on your part) than it is so small compared to the age of galaxies. Considering the number of galaxies we've looked at, we should have found some that are not colonized "yet" (Statistically speaking).
  3. Not to mention, where did they get all the matter for that? Isn't dark matter density 3 times higher than ordinary matter density?
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  1. Typical Drake equations yield 100s of societies per galaxy. Most probably end tragically but it would only take 1 to colonize a galaxy. There has been enough time to colonize all(indeginous or cross galaxy).
  2. Life grows exponentially and we have only characterized the dark matter in a fraction of the universe. Perhaps all have been colonized, or the tiny galaxies too small to generate successfully life or too far to colonize yet have not been observed. This is a testable hypothesis: we will find tiny, isolated galaxies without dark matter.
  3. Imagine a pre colonized galaxy with denser and sparser regions. The least time and energy to colonize would be going from densest to densest region. Another testable hypothesis: dark matter is lumpy, continuous, and a different fraction per galaxy. Some may be far more than 3x and others less.
    As it stands now no model of physics explains the data. Evolution works in the opposite direction of entropy (netting to a loss but there is no shortage of mass, energy and time to play with before the heat death).
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"There has been enough time to colonize all(indeginous or cross galaxy)." From the vantage point of the hear and now, maybe our galaxy. But when we peer out, we are peering at earlier parts of the universe. As such there were fewer supernova to have fused heavy elements to have combined and evolved into intelligent life. – Keith Reynolds Apr 23 at 15:17
"Evolution works in the opposite direction of entropy" Evolution is an ordering of of more and more complex information. A proper accounting should consider evolutionary dead ends, and the solar input. Such a system might then, to a degree, resemble an air compressor and a leaky tank powered by solar cells. Remove the power source and evolutionary complexity will devolve back to single cells eaking out what little energy they can until all energy potential is spent. – Keith Reynolds Apr 23 at 15:31

Recently published the article “Dyson Spheres” as an Alternative to the Dark Matter Explanation of Hidden Masses in Galaxies” that states that effects of hidden mass in galaxies can easily be explained if "Dyson Spheres" are real. Since the size of DS must be greater than habitable zone, the gravitational microlensing analysis that refutes the small objects (brown dwarfs etc) as source of Hidden Masses is not applicable to DS.

I cannot put all details here. If you wish you can read it on , #1321 in Astronomy. (It was also published in "IntellectualArchive" journal).

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The term "Small object" refers to the mass, not the physical size. And the objects excluded by that survey are those up to 30 solar masses; far larger than a dyson sphere. Also, a dyson sphere typically has a mass less than that of the parent star(s) by at least one or two orders of magnitude, whereas the predicted amount of dark matter is easily more than 5 time the amount of luminous matter. So even if every star in the universe had a dyson sphere around it, that would add up to, about, 110% of the regular matter we measure, but it needs to be >600%. DS will never be the explanation – Jim Sep 4 '14 at 19:12
In context of this research the "Small object" refers to the SIZE, not mass. The gravitational microlens researchers looked for lambda-shaped graphs (like "A") of star brightness when they are passing behind the candidate object. It works for brown dwarfs, black holes etc. because they have small sizes. However for DS the graph of brightness is not necessary A-shaped. It can easily be M-shaped or even be U-shaped when star passes behind opaque DS. And these candidates were not analyzed in microlens research. For more details you can check the, #1321 in Astronomy. – SciChallenger Sep 5 '14 at 16:44
Dyson Spheres are not an explanation. They were not "officially" included in the microlensing surveys, but the mass range those surveys exclude is from half the mass of Earth up to about 30 solar masses. Additionally, check out this explanation which details exactly why dyson spheres are not an explanation. Quite frankly, I've done the math and seen the data myself. Dark matter cannot be re-explained as being dyson spheres or the like – Jim Sep 6 '14 at 16:12

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