Is it known whether spiral galaxies typically (or exclusively?) rotate with the arms trailing or facing?
Intuitively it feels weird to think of the arms as facing the direction of rotation, but that's silly, of course -- it seems to have its origin in an instinctive assumption that some sort of friction with the intergalactic vacuum would make it hard for the galaxy to rotate against the barbs, which is nonsense.
I assume that for galaxies that we don't view head-on, we can measure rotation curves spectroscopically. But that's not enough; it must also be possible to determine which end of the minor axis is the far one. Dust in front of the bulge can help with that -- but in the images I have seen where it is clear which way the galaxy is tilted, it's not easy to see which way the spiral curls.
Still, I suppose there must be some galaxies where both the spiral and the rotation can be determined. What's the verdict for them?