Let's say we start with the Big Bang. Every bit of matter started from this event. Therefore, given EVERY variable (every particle, movements of particles, weights, times, etc) and an INFINITE amount of time and computing power, would it be possible to predict the formation of all planets. Would it also be possible to prove that Earth would have been "created" (not religious intentions here) or that the Sun will explode in several million years?
This question may be out of the scope of Astronomy.SE, but it was the most relevant SE site I could think of.