I suggest the following thought experiment that describes a machine which makes everybody happy.
Suppose a lottery is conducted. The winner is awarded a billion dollars plus the title of eternal Earth dictator.
The winner is determined in the following way.
There is a thorough isolated black box inside which a pretender is placed.
Inside the box a quantum experiment is conducted with equal probability of the two outcomes: 0 or 1 (it may be based on an atom decay)
The pretender measures the result with an apparatus.
The black box is connected by a quantum link (in form of an optical fiber) to an external quantum computer
After the measurement by the pretender is done the result is automatically transmitted by the optical link to the quantum computer
The transmitted qubit is used by quantum computer as an initial state of the quantum register instead of usual Hadamard transform before performing a Shor factorization algorithm.
After the algorithm is performed, the result is checked whether it is correct.
If it is correct the pretender is declared the looser. If the factorization returned a wrong result, the pretender is declared the winner.
Any average person placed in the black box will measure the result of the atom decay and similarly to a Schroedinger cat will enter the superposition of two states: the one which saw 0 and the one which saw 1.
Similarly the measuring apparatus will enter the superposition. So the qubit sent via the optical fiber will be a superposition of two states:
As this value is exactly the same what Hadamard gate returns after being applied to an empty qubit, this will allow the quantum computer to perform the factorization as usual and return the correct result, dispite that the initial step of applying the Hadamard gate has been replaced by loading the qubit obtained from the black box.
Now suppose the observer himself is placed in the black box. After the atom decay he will perform measurement which will collapse the wave function. The observer will be in either state where he saw 0 or where he saw 1. So either basis state 0 or basis state 1 is sent via the cable to the quantum computer.
Since this is different from the usual value which should be loaded in the register before performing the factorization, the factorization will return a wrong result. So the pretender will be declared the winner.
It follows that any person, when he or she is observing the lottery from outside will see all other pretenders to loose.
At the same time any participant that tries the lottery himself will find himself a winner.
This is a fascinating lottery which will make all the participation pretenders the winners in their own eyes. Each person who goes through this machine will see other people to congratulate them, to proclaim them the eternal emperor and so on.
I would like to see whether there any mistake in the reasoning.