There are broadly 2 types of solar wind:
- bulk flow speed ~ 750 km/s
- temperature ~ 7.5e5 K
- density ~ 3 cm^-3
- source regions: mostly from coronal holes where the solar magnetic field extends out a long way into the solar system
- bulk flow speed ~ 450 km/s
- temperature ~ 1.5e5 K
- density ~ 5 cm^-3
- source regions: near equatorial streamer belt
[There are some hints that some of the above has started to break down in the current solar cycle (slow solar wind now ~300 km/s), this is from talking to people at conferences I can't find a good reference.]
At solar minimum (few sunspots) the coronal holes are mostly confined to the sun's poles and hence not much fast solar wind makes it to Earth (or L1). Near solar maximum (many sunspots), coronal holes tend to migrate to become trans-equatorial. This exposes the planets to streams of fast solar wind. Hence there will be a correlation between sunspot number and measured wind speed.
There are also fast transient events Coronal Mass Ejections which are essentially the sun shedding magnetic complexity. They are more common when the solar magnetic field is more complex: at maximum.
These results from Ulysses' illustrate the point. On the left, near solar min, the fast wind in around the poles; on the right, near max, the fast and slow winds are much more mixed up. The line colours show the magnetic field direction which is not so important for your question, focus on the radial distance of the line segments. EDIT Sorry, I linked to the magnetic field figure, not the solar wind speed one.
For references, see the introduction to "Wave Modeling of the Solar Wind"
Leon Ofman here and this one too this one too by Owens and Forsyth the chapter by Hundhausen in Kivelson and Russell's Introduction to Space Physics is worth a read too if you can get hold of it.