Does inducing a current in a wire result in any changes in the strength of a permanent magnet? Specifically, what would the results of the following controlled experiment be?
You set up two alternators that each simply consist of a permanent magnet located inside a stationary loop of wire as depicted here. With the first (control) alternator, you simply rotate the magnet at a certain velocity for a short time, once per day, and measure the amount of induced current on a daily basis. With the second alternator, you hook the magnet up to your favorite (external) source of rotational motion and spin it continuously and measure the amount of induced current at the same intervals as with the control alternator.
Would the amount of current change over time (in either one)? If it would, in which direction and why? And if this is still not well-specified enough for an definite answer, what would it depend on? (how fast the magnets are rotating? what kind of circuit the wire is hooked up to? what the magnet is made out of? etc.)