Is there a formula that gives me the instantaneous change in temperature under ideal circumstances? Details:
On a cloudless day, temperature is affected by two major things(?):
While the Sun is up, incoming solar radiation, which increases the temperature at a known rate(?) depending on the sun's angle.
Heat loss to "outer space". "Outer space" is colder than the ground, so heat is always flowing away from the ground into outer space. The hotter it is on the ground, the faster the heat flows away.
Is there a semi-accurate mathematical function that models these temperature changes for a given location on a given cloudless day?