I am thinking of a (greatly simplified) computer simulation of a universe that followed something like Newtonian rules. Inside the simulation are A.I.s that are made from those same rules, and can only use those rules interact the world around them. Would there be some fundamental limits on what those A.I.s could work out about their universe, like their own version of an uncertainty principle?
Sorry for phrasing this question in such a convoluted way. If anyone recognises what I am asking, and can point me in the right direction that would be appreciated.