The atom is invariant thru time?
NO - The atom is invariant thru time:
This answer is naturally the expected one. It is 'common sense'. The physics building is rooted upon this answer, but this question has not being asked, nor answered, nor discussed. And Physics continues as usual.
YES - The atom is NOT invariant thru time:
It is NOT the expected answer. If it happens to be the valid answer then Physics continues as usual, after a revolution.
How sure we are that the atom is 'invariant'?
Because our local lab is our reference and we can not measure directly any variability it follows that we are not sure.
This fact justifies our natural answer, but we can not know the rightness of this answer until we explore.
One possible way to explore it is to look back the distant universe in search of clues.
How to decide that the space expansion model is better than a shrinking or 'evanescent matter' model ?
Without further reasoning one can say that one model appears to be the dual of the other, like an image in a mirror.
If we can not assert that the atom is invariable then the consequences can be dramatic:
- No space expansion
- No Big Bang
- No Inflation Era
- No Dark Energy
- No Dark Matter
- A better understanding of the nature of TIME
- A model of the Universe with only one parameter: The Hubble Constant
- A better understanding of the past and the future history of the Earth and of Life
- A different and interesting Large Scale Structure evolution of the Universe is attainable.
We must be conscient that a long future awaits the Humanity and the Physics must evolve. Under a closer scrutiny several fundamental notions, our present believes, can peril.
I tried to persuade our community, whith the above lines, that there exists merit in this quest and it is of the utmost importance, and surely it is an unsettled question.
This subject of a possible 'atom evanescence' was already studied in the arxiv paper linked bellow, and it was never criticized nor discussed. In there is presented a model that conforms to the Universe evolution and the experimental barionic data, with only one parameter - the Hubble Constant. The equations of the model can be written in the back of an envelope, somewhat ironically.
As any model it was constructed upon one hypothesis, as above described, and applying it upon data. The paper includes a comparison between the SM and the new model.
A relativistic time variation of matter/space fits both local and cosmic data (arxiv astro-ph 0208365)