The Nobel committee sometimes needs a little help--- look how long it took them to recognize Nambu. Also, they seem to have nationalism issues, they seem to be a little prejudiced sometimes against Europeans. If you could sit on the room, who would you nominate, and for what?
One nomination per answer.
My answer would have been: Chew and Mandelstam for the development of the S-matrix theory of the strong interactions. This would do a lot of good to the field of particle physics, and time is running out. Other fundamental contributors are already dead.