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If there is no gravity on the moon, how could this flag be flapping in the wind? (see link)


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No gravity on the moon?! Seriously?! Derps are gonna derp I suppose... –  knucklebumpler Jul 8 '11 at 19:40
This is not the place to discuss whether the moon landings, or photos of them, are fraudulent or not. For that sort of information see skeptics.stackexchange.com/q/1128. Here we're only concerned with the physical principles involved, so I edited your question to reflect that (rather than closing it). –  David Z Jul 8 '11 at 19:52
Gravitational pull is directly proportional to mass. Therefore, the Moon has gravity. Let's let Myth Busters address the flag waving question. youtube.com/watch?v=hMBCfuKs9i8 –  user5296 Sep 17 '11 at 20:34
Related: skeptics.stackexchange.com/q/1128 Oh, that's the same David Z link to. –  Qmechanic Feb 15 '13 at 16:03
If dolphins are so smart, why do they live in igloos? –  iamnotmaynard Mar 27 at 21:33

4 Answers 4

Ignoring the "no gravity" part of your question - there is, it's 1/6th that of the Earth, the flag looks like it's "waving" because the horizontal pole that runs along the top of the flag got stuck part way out. This meant that the flag didn't "unfurl" fully and is hanging like a curtain rather than being stretched flat as was the original intention.

The pole was also rotated several times during the planting process before Armstrong and Aldrin took the photo so any movement is due to simple inertia - (Source). The lack of atmosphere on the moon means that there's no air resistance to slow down the flapping so it will last a lot longer than on Earth (assuming still air).

This happened on Apollo 11 and they liked the effect so much they replicated it on subsequent missions.

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In the attached image the bottom of the flag and also the right side appear to be waving. When you refer to the horizontal pole I assume you mean the curtain rod on top of the flag. Why would the bottom of the flag be elevated if it is "hanging like a curtain"? –  Zane Jul 8 '11 at 19:54
@Zane - I think it's because the flag is moving due to being rotated/knocked. With no air the flag will keep moving (as in pendulum like motion) for a lot longer than on earth where air resistance would slow it down quite quickly. –  ChrisF Jul 8 '11 at 19:55
It was rotated in order to make a hole in the ground. In the beach I use to rotate the central rod of the umbrela to make a hole. –  Helder Velez Sep 18 '11 at 4:29

First of all, there is gravity on the moon; it's just weaker than the gravity on Earth.

Second, gravity has essentially nothing to do with whether a flag flaps. If you managed to create windy conditions in a zero-gravity environment, any flags placed in that wind would flap just as well as they do on Earth (or perhaps even better, since gravity wouldn't be pulling them down when the wind dies down). The reason a flag streams out behind its flagpole is just that the flag reacts to the wind, whereas the flagpole doesn't - it's closely related to the reason that an arrow or a rocket maintains its orientation during flight (the fins react to the wind more than the body or nose). And although I'm not an expert on fluid dynamics, as far as I know the actual flapping has to do with turbulence induced in the wind by the flagpole and the flag itself. None of these behaviors require gravity.

In any case, it's not even clear that the flag is flapping in that photo, because there's a rod along the top holding the flag up. But as I said in my comment, that sort of discussion is better handled on Skeptics.

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There is gravity on the moon. The gravity on the moon is about 1/6 the amount we have on Earth, but it is there. Anything with mass, anything has a gravitational field. For something like a baseball, this field is minute enough that you will never notice it. For something like the moon with a mass of 7.3459×10^22 kg (From Wolfram Alpha) the gravitational field is quite noticeable.

There are several reason that a flag could be waving on the moon.

  1. The flag has likely not fully unfurled. This would cause the wrinkles seen in this picture.
  2. Inertia. The astronauts seen in the photo had to rotate the flag in order to set it up.

I should point out that the only noticeable "wind" in that area came from the LEM's rockets as they left the moon. However, since that photo had been taken before they left, and that there is a almost non-existent atmosphere on the moon, wind had no part in making that flag "wave".

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Frankly I dont really have an answer for you but your question is a little off.

Moon does have a gravity its just pretty weak (abt 1/6th of earth's gravity). Due to this reason moon was unable to hold on to its atmosphere. Moon's gaseous atmosphere escaped its surface during moon's creation which means moon doesn't even have wind.

So Neil Armstong's footprints (if he really went there) would still be intact since there is no wind on moon to erode away the moon dust of the foot prints.

Absence of wind therefore makes the fluttering flag even more questionable.

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The flag does not flap. You can see the horizontal bar holding it out, and you can see that the same wrinkles appear in photos taken at different times, showing that it is not flapping. –  xpda Sep 18 '11 at 2:30
Since there was some "wind" when the Eagle ascended, it is likely that quite a number of footprints in the vicinity of the landing point are actually gone. –  Jens May 26 '12 at 22:46

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