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How does a strong electric current harm our body? A strong electric current will posses a great charge. But how does that charge injure us?

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closed as off-topic by jinawee, Brandon Enright, DavePhD, Kyle Oman, Kyle Kanos Jun 10 '14 at 0:24

  • This question does not appear to be about physics within the scope defined in the help center.
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This question appears to be off-topic because it is about physiology (and could be answered with a Google search). – jinawee Jun 9 '14 at 19:33

High-power electric currents cause burns due to Ohmic heating: your body resists the flow of the current, and so the current flow deposits heat. The burns may be internal as well as external.

High-voltage current arcs (sparks) can make air a conducting plasma, which allows the arc to continue to heat the air, which allows more current to flow, etc. This can produce an explosion called an arc blast which may involve spraying molten metal. The threshold for this is surprisingly low — it's a slight hazard when throwing a 440 V circuit breaker.

Alternating currents can interfere with neuron-to-neuron signaling, causing nasty things like cardiac fibrillation, where the heart muscles lose synchronization and the heart wiggles instead of pumping. By an unfortunate coincidence the frequencies we use for power distribution (50–60 Hz) are especially efficient at stopping hearts, even at fairly low currents.

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This Wikipedia entry has some information about this issue.

Basically, the main risk is cardiac arrest, caused by the electric current interfering with the normal operation of the heart muscle.

Other possible damages are burns due to the electric energy vaporizing the water inside the cells, and nerve damage caused by excessive current through the nerves.

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How is the water vaporized heat ?? From where this heat is generated? – Harry Jun 9 '14 at 14:20
@Harry: yes, heat. The water in the body has a lot of ions in it, so it is a mildly conductor. The electricity will flow from one cell to another, and they will be heated in the process: $ P = I^2 R $. If the current is high enough the cells will literally boil. – rodrigo Jun 9 '14 at 14:47
Few cells can survive the trip up to the boiling point, never mind the effect of the boiling. – Beta Jun 9 '14 at 18:36
The phrase "the cells will literally boil" just sounds painful! – Wayne Werner Jun 9 '14 at 19:38

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