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If nuclear decay rate were affected by sun, then emission probabilities would be subject to sun state and its influence, so quantum randomness would depend on it, Would it still be truly random?

One could argue that randomness would keep intact when consider the whole system..

But what about a non-isolable effect? what if there is no way to "define a system" without a sun/star influence?

If a variation source were found (for example neutrino emission) then perhaps it could be generated intentionally to control decay rates. Could we be sure that emission probabilities would never could be controled to reach 0 or 1?

Thanks for reading

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we still 1) don't know for sure that the modulation is real. Even if it was real, 2) we don't have a blatantly obvious mechanism in the SM to explain it, so its difficult to say if such mechanism, not only without the effect confirmed, but with no feasible mechanism to produce it, would allow full suppression of decay rates –  lurscher Jun 13 '11 at 15:26
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Closely related: physics.stackexchange.com/q/9421/520, and I feel that as asked this is highly speculative, and am considering closing it as such. Anyone care to defend it? –  dmckee Jun 13 '11 at 16:04
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@HDE it is the same people regurgitating the same data of 2009. I think the gold experiment disproves a neutrino "field" influence. Do you have a link to a preprint with the data of 2009? Seasonal etc might just be the temperature effect in the link in my answer.A proxy for PDO ENSO etc :) –  anna v Jun 13 '11 at 16:30
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From the first paragraph of 1106.1470: "[constant halflife] has been challenged recently by reports from various groups of periodic variations in nuclear decay rates.[1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8]", but all eight references are to papers by the same authors. Does any know how many actual data sets we're talking about here? OK, I see at least 5 data sets.. –  dmckee Jun 13 '11 at 17:14
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@dmckee moriond.in2p3.fr/J11/transparents/fischbach.pdf the only plots I found. –  anna v Jun 13 '11 at 17:28
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2 Answers 2

If you are referring to a disputed experiment that showed a correlation with the sun's activity , another lab experiment disproved any neutrino flux connection with higher neutrino fluxes than the sun provides . Neutrinos are weakly interacting and the sun too far away for them to set up an effective field to change potential barriers.

There have been experiments that find a tiny difference under different temperatures for various decays, and attributed to the differences in the electron density.

The electron-capture (EC) decay rate of 7Be in C60 at the temperature of liquid helium (T=5  K) was measured and compared with the rate in Be metal at T=293  K. We found that the half-life of 7Be in endohedral C60 (7Be@C60) at a temperature close to T=5  K is 52.47±0.04  d, a value that is 0.34% faster than that at T=293  K. In this environment, the half-life of 7Be is nearly 1.5% faster than that inside Be metal at room temperature (T=293  K). We then interpreted our observations in terms of calculations of the electron density at the 7Be nucleus position inside the C60; further, we estimate theoretically the temperature dependence (at T=0  K and 293 K) of the electron density at the Be nucleus position in the stable center inside C60. The theoretical estimates were almost in agreement with the experimental observations

There are also experiments that say that the casimir effect changes decay rates. All this is research area and liable to errors not well controlled,but @Zassounotsukushi is correct in stating that any such observations will just need different theoretical modelling and will not dispute the randomness of the specific new decay mode.

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Hello @anna v, I've put a comment with a newer arxiv paper claiming for experimental evidence about of variations in time related to Earth-Sun distance arxiv.org/abs/1106.1470v1 –  HDE Jun 13 '11 at 16:22
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You bring up some very instructively useful mechanisms. Like many areas of physics, we can find small revisions to add to something like a decay rate due to interactions with something that has been conventionally separated by an artificial line, like chemical vs nuclear processes. Most certainly "amazing", but in a way that uses the existing paradigms, not in a way that dethrones them. –  AlanSE Jun 13 '11 at 16:36
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If decay rates are found could be reduced to 0, then we are thoroughly wrong in what we thought about nuclear decay, and that is unlikely to happen. The term "nuclear decay" would probably be obsolete in that case. Quantum mechanics, itself, may have answering to do given the strong form of what you are speculating about. But there is little case to believe that will happen. Quantum tunneling is extremely unlikely to be disproved or even modified in any meaningful way.

Here is a diagram from a previous question.

Alpha decay

The gist of nuclear decay is quantum tunneling. Now, how could neutrinos from the sun affect this? Well it could be an interaction that is allowable or not allowable under the standard model, although I'm not an expert on that. Whatever it is, however, it's almost certainly not changing the fundamental nature of the nuclear decay by quantum tunneling, which is a truly quantum random process from our view of the universe.

Whatever field or neutrino flux that causes the effect (assuming it's verified) won't be fundamentally changing nuclear decay. It will just be another interaction in the book of nuclear interactions.

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