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I'm reading quantum chemistry. The book says that the orbital angular momentum of a $\pi$ electron along the symmetry axis of a molecule made up of two atoms is $\pm 1$. I think this is a primary question, but I do not konw why.


I currently have a preliminary understanding of this:
$/pi$ orbit
In a molecule inculding two atoms, potential energy axisymmetric about z' axis(the line connecting the two atoms). So, the angular momentum along z axis is quantized. That is to say $m_z$ is good quantum number. Let's consider $\pi$ orbit made up of two $p_z$. The orbital angular momentum along z axis(the symmetry axis of $p_z$) of an electron in $p_z$ is 0. So considering orbital angular momentum along z' axis of this electron, the electron is in $\frac 1 {\sqrt 2}(|+>-|->)$. So the orbital angular momentum along z' axis is either 1 or -1. So the orbital angular momentum along z' axis of a $\pi$ electron is either 1 or -1.
Is my understanding right?

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