1
vote
2answers
19 views

Failure of the Steady State Theory?

I was reading a journal of astronomy and came to the other most famous opponent of Big Bang theory: The Steady State Theory: The 20th - century theory was proposed by Hoyle,Gold and Bondie. ...
1
vote
1answer
11 views

The number of states for fermions, bosons, and Boltzman in statistical mechanics

This is related with Equation 8.58 in Kerson Huang's 2nd edition of Statistical Mechanics. The partition functions for the ideal gases are given as $ Q_N (V,T) =\sum_{\{ n_p \}} g\{n_p \}e^{-\beta ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

How do we compute the volumetric efficiency of an engine which is based on forced induction?

The volumetric efficiency of a naturally aspirated engine is computed by: $$n= \frac{V_1}{V_2}$$ With n: volumetric efficiency $V_1$: actual volume of air drawn $V_2$: volume swept by piston ...
-1
votes
0answers
17 views

Batteries connection to get maximum intenisty [on hold]

The question states: There are 72 batteries, each of which has a 1.5V and the internal resistance of each is 1 Ohm. The external resistance is 3.5 Ohm. What is the maximum intensity that we can ...
0
votes
1answer
11 views

Electrical charge equilibrium and the piezoelectric effect

About the piezoelectric effect: if I press a crystal the electrical charges segregate and an electrical voltage appears on the other two faces of the crystal. See this link for example: ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

What is the best way to agitate water inside a closed chamber? [on hold]

I am building a new device to measure thermal Conductivity in nano-composite materials. The device is relatively small, it consist of two cylindrical containers attached to each others, both ...
0
votes
3answers
35 views

What conditions should be met to notice a Doppler effect on light?

What relativistic conditions should an observer meet to notice the Doppler effect on a sample light wave, and is it even possible for one?
2
votes
1answer
163 views

what kind of wings would a person need to fly?

I heard from a teacher in school that in order to fly, he would need a wingspan much wider than the wood shop where he was standing. Thinking back on it, I assume the number of times you can beat your ...
4
votes
3answers
310 views

The physics behind Balloons lifting objects?

Apologies for the super basic question, but we all have to start somewhere right? Can somebody please explain exactly how you would calculate the number of helium balloons it would take to lift an ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Charge Conjugation Operator in Supermultiplet

Consider an $\mathcal{N}=1$ left-handed chiral supermultiplet. The particle content is $$L = (\phi\quad e_L) $$ where $\phi$ is a complex scalar and $e_L$ a left handed Weyl fermion. People usually ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Space elevator: a Earth rotation brake model

I read this article regarding the space elevator. A very long carbon nanotubes string, running from the Earth surface into the vacuum of the space. Tension and friction, an enormous quantity of ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Second Qubit Not Flipped in Hadamard Gate

I'm very new to QM and Quantum Computing and I have a likely simple question, It may simply stem from my lack of knowledge of vector calculus. We have a 2-qubit quantum state: $$ \mid\psi\rangle = ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

How to drive quadrotor moments of inertia

I would like to know how moments of inertia (i.e. around x,y and z axes) of a quadrotor is driven given the total mass and the distance from the origin of the quadrotor to the center of a $i$th ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

A box up an inclined ramp with a coefficient of friction [on hold]

A 6.25 horsepower motor to pull the boxes a distance of 8.35 meters up a ramp inclined at an angle of 36.2º with respect to horizontal. The boxes have a coefficient of kinetic friction of 0.381 as ...
2
votes
3answers
48 views

Can astrophysical events outside the solar system lead to global warming of Earth?

The Sun probably easily dominates in its impact on the atmospheric temperature of Earth. However, for roughly half of each day, each side of Earth faces away from the Sun. Combined, the time spent ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Is a double integral required to find the moment of Inertia of a non-uniform sphere?

Consider some ball of given radius $R$, with a mass density function that depends on the radial variable, $\rho=\rho(r)$ where $r$ is the distance from the center of the sphere. What is the moment ...
3
votes
3answers
41 views

what make the bottom portion of a wheel in rolling motion move?

As I just learn about the rolling motion which is the combination of pure translation and pure rotation. The top portion of the rolling body has the speed of double speed at the center of the object ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

What is the force of the wind resistance? [on hold]

A sled of mass 15.0 kg is pulled forward with a force of 35 N. Also a frictional force of 12.2 N acts on the sled. Finally a wind resistance acts on the sled. Over a period of 18.0 s the sled ...
5
votes
2answers
63 views

Gauge choice after Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking

After the spontaneous breakdown of local symmetry in presence of gauge fields (Higgs Mechanism), we can always choose a gauge where the Goldstone bosons are eaten up by the gauge field (also called ...
10
votes
2answers
297 views

Center of mass frame for massless particles

Given a scattering event where a photon and electron go in and a photon and electron come out, what is the center of mass frame? I'd say, since the photon has no mass, it's the rest frame of the ...
6
votes
1answer
44 views

Two carts connected by spring on frictionless track

I have the following homework problem: Consider two carts of equal mass m on a horizontal, frictionless track. The carts ar5e connected by a single spring of force constant k, but are otherwise ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Two Limits in Thermodynamics - Reducing Driving Force and Increasing Resistance

I just wanted to clarify what is probably a very obvious idea. Suppose I'm holding a a piston separating two containers at different pressures. If I release the piston, it will naturally move, ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Say, a liquid is made to flow in a tube. Why does the layers of the liquid in contact with walls of the pipe have zero velocity?

Say, a liquid like water is made to flow in a pipe. Why does the layer of water near the walls of the pipe have zero velocity? Does that mean that the layer of water near the pipe is stationary and ...
-2
votes
1answer
26 views

What causes the recessed blade of some folding knives to emerge in a kinetic opening? [on hold]

KINETIC OPENING OF FOLDING KNIFE (FK) Several legal jurisdictions around the World, including Australia, have assented legislation/regulation which attribute the emergence of the recessed blade in the ...
0
votes
1answer
4 views

Determining flexural modulus by performing 3 point bending test using hollow cylindrical tube

I would like to decide the flexural modulus of the material of plastic tube by performing 3 point bending test according to the ASTM D 790 procedure. In ASTM D 790, the form of the specimen is ...
1
vote
3answers
36 views

Mathematical Reasoning for Fluid Pressure as a Scalar

This question from a while ago and answers/comments to this question from earlier today both make heavy mention of the fact that fluid pressure is a scalar. Although this information was surprising ...
-2
votes
2answers
33 views

Flea jumping question [on hold]

During takeoff, a flea develops an acceleration of $3m/s^2$. It reaches a max height of 36mm. How long does this acceleration last? Finding the initial velocity was fairly easy, but finding the time ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Projectile Aiming [on hold]

I'm having a but of trouble with a game I'm programming. What I have is an enemy who periodically shoots a laser at the player if they're close enough. I've been trying to come up with a way to make ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

At what velocity does space no longer equal a vacuum? [on hold]

In Dr. Alistair Reynolds's book (Revelation Space), he mentions that space only equals a vacuum at low speeds. At which velocities would space no longer count as an almost vacuum?
-2
votes
0answers
15 views

Leptons slide between quarks? [on hold]

I wonder if one of particles (maybe quarks?) are constructors of highways in 3d field for others floating around re/distributing energy by some (leptons?), restricted to laws set by (bosons?). If ...
-1
votes
0answers
38 views

No length contraction!

Suppose a person standing on a platform were to observe and measure the length of a train passing by. Instead of the usual approach involving a clock and knowing the speed of the train, the person ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Role of the crystallographic point group on properties of tensorial elasticity

If a space point group for a crystal is known, does this automatically define the elastic tensor symmetry of the material? What further implications can be found? The crystallographic subgroups: ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

Fruit flies in a bell jar [duplicate]

You place a bell jar on a scale and the scale registers x grams. You then trap y grams of flying, non-landing fruit-flies in the bell jar. What does the scale register? x grams? x+y grams? Something ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Latent heat of solidification

What is the heat release mechanism involved in solidification from liquid phase? Is the energy transferred to nucleation centres?
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Evaporation of water at room temperature

Could anybody refer me to some literature (textbooks or research, although preferably textbooks!) dedicated to explaining quantitatively the phenomenon of evaporation of fluids? I understand that it's ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Hooks Law and acceleration [on hold]

A 435 gram sharpened piece of iron rebar into a spring loaded device. It takes a force of 355 Newtons to compress the spring by 27.5 cm. With what speed does the rebar shoot out of the device? ...
-8
votes
0answers
25 views

What is the speed of times arrow [on hold]

If the maximum speed of time in a vacuum is C you would have included time in relativity theory and have a definition of space time, Or the mass-time equivalence. A thought experiment.
0
votes
0answers
12 views

How non-invasive blood glucose concentration measurement work? [migrated]

Diabetes patients need to conduct the “fingerstick” a few times a day. One of the mechanisms of "fingerstick" is to take small amount of blood sample and put it onto a test strip. The enzyme on the ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Do we exist in multiple dimensions?

I have heard that there are 12 spacial dimensions. Does this mean that this many are possible,or that 12 dimensions actually exist? If the ladder, then do the same things that exist in 3 dimensions ...
1
vote
3answers
38 views

Determine which circuits are parallel and which are in series

I need to find the Equivalent Resistance across A and B. The problem is, I don't know which one's are in series and which ones are in parallel. How do I identify which ones are parallel or series?
2
votes
4answers
24 views

Sound diffraction through a single slit

When sound waves diffract through a single slit, do they produce an interference pattern which is mathematically identical to that of light waves in the corresponding experiment?
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Two Particle System with Identical Particles

I'm studying for an exam in quantum mechanics and tried to calculate the ground state and the first two excited states of two identical bosons (spin 0) in an infinite one dimensional potential well. ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Pressure and variation in pressure due to depth

In my class, we were shown the following problem: Using the equation $P_1$ = $P_0$ + $\displaystyle\rho$gh, where $P_1$ is the pressure at Superman's mouth and $P_0$ is the pressure at the surface ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Physical meaning of Orbital Polarization

In this paper, the Orbital Polarization (OP) is defined as: $$OP=\frac{n_{x^2-y^2}-n_{z^2}}{n_{x^2-y^2}+n_{z^2}}$$ where $n_i$ is (I suppose) the occupancy of that given orbital. I would like to ...
-1
votes
0answers
15 views

Uniform motion - need help with this problem [on hold]

Body A is moving towards body B (which is moving to A) with speeds v1 (for A) and v2 (for B) on the road s.Body B starts moving after time Δt compared to the body A (so t2 = t1 + Δt).I want to know ...
-4
votes
0answers
17 views

Law of conservation of linear momentum is a consequence of Newton's forst law substantiate [on hold]

Law of conservation of linear momentum is a consequence of Newton's first law substantiate.
0
votes
2answers
66 views

If Earth starts moving when attracted by an object, where does the energy come from?

Suppose a body(very big but not bigger than Earth) moves against gravitational force of Earth. The force will do negative work on the body decreasing its kinetic energy. The decreasing energy is ...
13
votes
2answers
123 views

Topology of phase space

Context: From Liouville's integrability theorem we know that: If a system with $n$ degrees of freedom exhibits at least $n$ globally defined integrals of motion (i.e. first integrals), where all ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

What wilI I observe when travelling at almost the speed of light? [duplicate]

If I and a group of friends are travelling at or just below the speed of light - can I see myself, can I see them, or they me? Would we see anything at all?
3
votes
0answers
53 views

Difference in “momentum” names in Lagrangian mechanics

In the context of Lagrangian formulation of classical mechanics, the following names keep occurring in most textbooks, which confuse me a lot, are they different in any way? Momentum Generalized ...

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