0
votes
0answers
3 views

defining axes for conservation of energy

The question follows my working for reference. If only conservative forces apply in the closed system then $$E_i = E_f$$ $$\Rightarrow (U_s + U_g + K)_i = (U_s + U_g + K)_f$$ And at the points ...
0
votes
2answers
16 views

Is work done by how much velocity is changed or how much displacement is done?

A sailboat is moving at a constant velocity. Is work being done by a net external force acting on the boat? The answer key is "No" according to the work energy theorem about work is done when ...
-1
votes
0answers
15 views

Solve the given differential equation by using Green's function method [migrated]

I am really struggling with the concept and handling of the Green's function. I have to solve the given differential equation using Green's function method $$\frac{d^{2}y}{dx^{2}}+k^{2}y=\delta ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Quantum states and state vectors

Does a state vector correspond to only one quantum states and the components in the state vector correspond to different states of this quantum state or is it that the components of the state vector ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

How much inductance and capacitance generate in copper strip?

I have 60m long copper strip and cross-section area of 25mm x 3mm. and also it has some 90 degree turn after 10m distance. So, How much inductance and capacitance will be generated in strip.? and we ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

What is the electric field outside a cylindrical solenoid?

What is the electric field outside a cylindrical solenoid when inside is turned on a magnetic field? The question is related to the question aharonov-bohm-effect-electricity-generation
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Fourier Transform of Poisson Equation

While trying to solve the Poisson Equation by using Green's Function I have to Fourier transform the equation i.e $$-\nabla^{2}\phi(r)=\rho(r).$$ In the book after Fourier transform, the solution ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Lorentz group representations in QFT: what's the vector space?

In QFT, a representation of the Lorentz group is specified as follows: $$ U^\dagger(\Lambda)\phi(x) U(\Lambda)= R(\Lambda)~\phi(\Lambda^{-1}x) $$ Where $\Lambda$ is an element of the Lorentz group, ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Why point mass leaves it's own gravitational well? [on hold]

I suppose that point mass has its own gravitational well. Why this point mass is still attracted by other gravitational waves. I expect that this point mass is surrounded by "gravitational hills". Why ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Double slit experiment with monchromatic light and wave packet of a few photons. How are they different?

I am confused about the de broglie wavelength of photon and the wavelength of the electromagnetic wave after reading this experiment. In a double slit experiment, when light falls on the two slits, an ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

A Spin up particle in QFT

This appears like a question that is rarely addressed in field theory pedagogy (perhaps because the answer is obvious): how does one describe a particle of definite spin in quantum field theory? For ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Why does the earth have to feel a pull when something falls?

Heck, I'm not even worried about the speed of a reaction. But remember that if I fall towards the earth, with a force, the earth has the same force exerted upon it in the opposite direction. I was ...
-1
votes
0answers
12 views

why does muon hop rate in metals change with temperature like this

you can find this figure in this pdf we use μSR to study the superconductor properties,,but I don't quite understand the T^-9 slope, does muon trapped in an interstitial site and hop rate drop with ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

How to compute observables from the boson field operator?

I think I understand that if given the two boson wavefunction of two different states \begin{align} \Psi(\boldsymbol{r}_1,\boldsymbol{r}_2) = \dfrac{ \psi_1(\boldsymbol{r}_1)\psi_2(\boldsymbol{r}_2) + ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Help with ideal gas law manipulation

Equation 1 represents an improvement over the intial assumption of constant mass velocity (i.e., $\rho v=\rho_o v_o$). We can now improve Eqn. (2) to get to Eqn. (3). My question is: what are the ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

What is the way to make a semi-transparent object to appear white?

How would you approach a problem of creating an object, that appears to be white, but still acts as a one-way mirror (let's shoot for 50% transparency for simplicity, application: glasses coating) ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Quantum Energy Teleportation and Stress-Energy tensor divergence

This question is about a paper from last year about Quantum Energy Teleportation. If I understand the main assertion of what QET is supposed to involve, basically you are teleporting energy as ...
-1
votes
2answers
51 views

Projectile Motion with air Resistance - Adjust only the Angle to hit a target

OK, let me preface this by saying i am not a physics student, nor have i ever been. I am a software engineer working on a development degree. So this is homework but the assignment was just to create ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Regimes of Josephson junction

There are several formulas to describe critical current in Josepshon S-N-S junction mainly based on Elianberger and Usadel equations. The starting point is the Nambu-Gorkov equation and then some ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Why angular momentum about three independent axes?

The generic commutation relations for the angular momentum operator are $[J_x, J_y] = i \hbar J_z$, where the $J_i$, $i = x,y,z$ are the components of the angular momentum vector operator, $\mathbf ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Help to find nature of noise gotten from digital oscilloscope [migrated]

I've got strange noise while using digital oscilloscope (Auris B-424). Spectrogram of this signal presented on this image: (X time in seconds, Y frequency in Hertz, in this image case from 0 to 50 ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

Question on using Leibniz formula to derive thin-film equation from Navier-Stokes

I actually posted this to math.stackexchange.com a few months ago but never got any answers. I am trying to work through the derivation in this paper by Petr Vita, which derives a thin-film ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Projection of Quantum State onto Bell State

I am very interested by this paper on entanglement swapping and timelike entanglement. The one thing I get really tripped up with is the whole idea of a projection onto a bell basis. I understand ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

What happens if we use an optical fibre for light at a different wavelength than the one specified on the fibre?

Say the fibre is for 700 nm, and we shine light at 1064 nm into it. Would it change the mode? The polarisation? The beam shape (i.e. introducing ellipticity in the beam)?
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Why does a piece of paper travels up when inserted into a kite's thread?

When I was young, I would insert a piece of paper into a kite's thread. The paper would travel upward till it reaches the head of that kite. What makes it to go up against the gravity even if the ...
3
votes
4answers
77 views

Calculate water flow rate through orifice

I'm not very good with fluid physics, and need some help. Imagine the following setup with water contained in-front of a wall with an opening on the bottom: How do I calculate the water flow $Q$?. ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

Could two identical stars revolve around each other in a common orbit if we only account for Newtonian physics?

Both a parent star and its planet revolve around the center of mass of the system, the reason we see stellar wobble. But if we take this to be true, which it is, there can be a configuration in which ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Why are the “coupling constants” constant?

The coupling constants (in the gauge theory) fix an inner product on the lie algebra of the gauge group and we use it to define strength of the fields. we are using ad-invariant inner products which ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Top 10 unanswered physics questions [on hold]

Could I have a list of the top ten physics unanswered question?
1
vote
1answer
35 views

What would happen to a rocket car in a torus-shaped spaceship that encompasses the earth?

Suppose we built a enormous torus shaped space station that encompasses and leaves about 330 kilometers between it and the earth. So it's radius is about 6,371 kilometers . Obviously, this structure ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Why do the anticommutation relations imply Fermi–Dirac statistics (Pauli Exclusion Principle) for the field quanta?

I was reading the following article Fermion FIelds and discovered the following passage not fully explained to me : It is these anticommutation relations that imply Fermi–Dirac statistics for ...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

Jump from a falling object [duplicate]

There have been quite a few plane crashes the past week and this question popped into my head of which I need a good explanation in science about the possibility of survival or not and why. Assuming ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

About the derivation of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation

It is an old question for me. In Goldstein's book, the H-J equation is derived in this way. We want to find a generating function $F(q,P,t)$ such that the transformed Hamiltonian vanishes identically, ...
-3
votes
0answers
20 views

Electrostatics coloumb's Law [on hold]

The force of repulsion between two point charges is F, when these are at a distance of 0.1 m apart. Now the point charges are replaced by spheres of radii 5cm having the same charge as that of point ...
-2
votes
1answer
19 views

Calculate the current in mA which will be flowing through the two resistors [on hold]

Three resistors of 3,4 and 5 ohms are joined in parallel in an electric circuit. If a current of 150mA flows through the resistor of 4 ohms,then calculate the values of the current in mA which will be ...
3
votes
2answers
121 views

Error in Standard Textbook “An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory” of Peskin and Schroeder?

On page 191 there is a equation for $D$ given by $$D=x(k^2-m^2)+y(k'^2-m^2)+z(k-p)^2+(x+y+z)i\epsilon. \tag{6.43}$$ With $k'=k+q$ and the constraint $x+y+z=1$. Also $p^2=p'^2=m^2$ and maybe $q=p'-p$. ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

Dimension agreement in canonical transformation

In this Physics.SE post, there is a transformation: $$Q = q,$$ $$P = \sqrt{p} - \sqrt{q}.$$ for Hamiltonian $H = \frac{p^2}{2}$. The post discusses the validity of this transformation as a canonical ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Connection to spin 1/2 electron system?

In another Physics stack exchange thread here, Spin matrix for various spacetime fields I obtained the generator of rotations of the SO(2) rotation group for an infinitesimal rotation of 2D vectors. ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

can we get electrical energy from gravitational energy? [duplicate]

Now I'm trying to give an answer of the question. Satellite rotates about earth by the gravitational force of earth. Now if we place the satellite in such an orbit so that it rotate in opposite to ...
4
votes
0answers
32 views

Help with deriving an asymptotic expression

Note: I don't know if this is the best place for this question, because it is very specific. However, I'm not sure of a better place to go (apart from one of the other SE's). If you have a ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Macro-Level Explanation of Fluid Heat Transfer

Here's something I've been struggling with for a while. Say you have a hot fluid and cold surface (or the reverse, so long as there is a temperature difference) where the fluid flows over the ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Propagation of light from a point source in seawater [on hold]

If the light intensity of a point source (480 nm) is 1.09 x 10-8 Wm-2 at a distance of 1 m, what would that intensity be at a distance of 0.005 m in seawater? I have used the Beer-Lambert Law to back ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

How to derive equation for probability current density in relativistic quantum mechanics [on hold]

How does one derive equation for probability current density in relativistic quantum mechanics? I am asking for textbook-styled explicit derivation. No need for any other background knowledge.
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Which experiment would be able to detect change in the speed of light? [duplicate]

Since the unit of distance is defined in terms of speed of light in vacuum, if the speed of light in vacuum were to change by "magic", what experiment would be able to detect that? Is there a theory ...
-1
votes
0answers
38 views

Relative acceleration pulley

Considering If we have pulley with strings on both sides giving different velocities to them, we know velocities of points between them, on diameter, as velocity vector is tangent to it, just ...
3
votes
0answers
11 views

How do inflationary models predict the generation of gravitational waves during the inflationary period?

Recent results from the BICEP2 experiment have produced a lot of talk about the primordial gravitational waves produced during the inflationary period. I would like to have some explanation about how ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Just a contraction of indices

I came across a contraction which is not giving the desired result. This is a toy problem in how to get a supergravity theory in low energy limit of a superstring theory using the vanishing of beta ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

How to calculate the 2-point funtion of gravitons?

I'm curious about how to calculate the 2-point function of graviton, but there are no textbooks of general relativity covering this problem. So how to calculate it? In which book can I find the ...
0
votes
3answers
77 views

Why do physicists use LHC?

My question is why are we colliding particles in LHC to produce new ones? And these particles that they sometimes say live for a fraction of a second, how in space they exists then? In space all ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Resonance of a tube of air in case of more complex shapes

I've been thinking about posting this question on Music Performance stack, but finally I think it fits more here since I'm interrested in technical details. The subject of resonance of a tube of air ...

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